الانتقال الى المحتوى الأساسي

جامعة الملك عبدالعزيز

KING ABDULAZIZ UNIVERSITY

مركز التميز البحثي في الدراسات البيئية

تفاصيل الوثيقة

نوع الوثيقة : مقال في مجلة دورية 
عنوان الوثيقة :
خروج جزيئات متناهية الصغر من 11 مصدر غير السيارات- مقالة مرجعية
Nanoparticle emissions from 11 non-vehicle exhaust sources - A review
 
الموضوع : علوم البيئة 
لغة الوثيقة : الانجليزية 
المستخلص : Nanoparticle emissions from road vehicles have been studied extensively in the recent past due to their dominant contribution towards the total airborne particle number concentrations (PNCs) found in the urban atmospheric environment. In view of upcoming tighter vehicle emission standards and adoption of cleaner fuels in many parts of the world, the contribution to urban nanoparticles from non-vehicle exhaust sources (NES) may become more pronounced in future. As of now, only limited information exists on nanoparticle emissions from NES through the discretely published studies. This article presents critically synthesised information in a consolidated manner on 11 NES (i.e. roadetyre interaction, construction and demolition, aircraft, ships, municipal waste incineration, power plants, domestic biomass burning, forest fires, cigarette smoking, cooking, and secondary formation). Source characteristics and formation mechanisms of nanoparticles emitted from each NES are firstly discussed, followed by their emission strengths, airborne concentrations and physicochemical characteristics. Direct comparisons of the strengths of NES are not straightforward but an attempt has been made to discuss their importance relative to the most prominent source (i.e. road vehicles) of urban nanoparticles. Some interesting comparisons emerged such as 1 kg of fast and slow wood burning produces nearly the same number of particles as for each km driven by a heavy duty vehicle (HDV) and a light duty vehicle, respectively. About 1 min of cooking on gas can produce the similar particle numbers generated by w10 min of cigarette smoking or 1 m travel by a HDV. Apportioning the contribution of numerous sources from the bulk measured airborne PNCs is essential for determining their relative importance. Receptor modelling methods for estimation of source emission contributions are discussed. A further section evaluates the likely exposure risks, health and regulatory implications associated with each NES. It is concluded that much research is needed to provide adequate quantification of all nanoparticle sources, and to establish the relative toxicity of nanosize particles from each. 
ردمد : 1352-2310 
اسم الدورية : Atmospheric Environment 
المجلد : 67 
العدد : 1 
سنة النشر : 1434 هـ
2013 م
 
نوع المقالة : مقالة علمية 
تاريخ الاضافة على الموقع : Monday, June 3, 2013 

الباحثون

اسم الباحث (عربي)اسم الباحث (انجليزي)نوع الباحثالمرتبة العلميةالبريد الالكتروني
براشانت كومارKumar, Prashant باحث P.Kumar@surrey.ac.u
Liisa PirjolaPirjola, Liisa باحث  
Matthias KetzelKetzel, Matthias باحث  
Roy M. HarrisonHarrison, Roy M. باحث  

الملفات

اسم الملفالنوعالوصف
 35600.pdf pdfNanoparticle emissions from 11 non-vehicle exhaust sources

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