Human lymphocyte culture cells were treated with three different concentrations (6, 12 and 24
g/liter) of R. stricta aqueous leaf extract. Samples were collected at three different intervals (24, 48 and
72h) for each concentration. Following each treatment, cell samples were subjected to cytogenetic as well
as comet test assays. The cytogenetic assay revealed a significant decrease in mitotic index that was
inversely proportional with concentration and exposure time. Many aberrations, including high percentage
of interphase, increased micronuclei, viscosity, colchicines metaphase and two nuclei-cells were detected.
Microscopic observation showed necrosis of most of the treated cells at all used concentrations, an
indicative possibility of anticancer activity. Comet test detected DNA lesions that were proportionally
concentration- and exposure time-dependent too. The present data strongly suggest that the aqueous extract
of the R. stricta leaves has mutagenic, clastogenic and possibly anticancer activities on human
lymphocytes in vitro.
Journal of Applied Sciences Research